New York State
US History Regents Review Sheet.
Use this page's
links for an online review packet and study guide.
REVIEW HISTORY ALL YEAR LONG
WITH MR. KLAFF 'S
Mr. Klaff's top 30 multiple choice predictions and what the answer usually is ...
Burgesses, Mayflower Compact
Answer: "early forms of
democracy" or early "republics."
he expanded the power of the federal government,
or Judicial Review. Marbury v. Madison = Judicial
3. Why did
Immigrants and African Americans move to cities? That's where the jobs
= fear of foreigners. The installment of quota systems regarding
immigration is important to know. These acts favored western Europeans who spoke English,
NOT Eastern Europeans. A question on the
Chinese Exclusion Act
case could also have nativism as an answer.
of Powers between the Federal Government and the States!!! See Chart
confuse federalism with Checks
and Balances!!! C and B is checking the three Branches (Legislative,
Executive, Judicial) of Government! Ex. Veto, judicial review,
impeachment. National Gov, checks itself -- has nothing to do with
states in terms of the Regents Exam. See Chart Below.
Answer: is most
likely " neutrality /isolationism/noninvolvement"
8. Why did
we have a weak Articles
Answer: fear of a strong government, or power to the states
Theory (for Asia), Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, Korean War, NATO ...
CONTAINMENT DURING COLD WAR!
WWII = Know the Lend-Lease Act , Cash
and Carry. Answer: a move away from isolationism -- becoming less neutral.
Pearl Harbor and D-Day occasionally come up.
didn't we ratify the Treaty of
Versailles? = Neutrality. We did not want to join the
international League of Nations.
Unwritten Constitution = These
are things we do that's not printed in the
Constitution such as political parties, cabinet, judicial review,
13. We got
involved in WWI because
of "the Boat, and the Note." ( Lusitania, and Zimmerman
Monopoly ... makes the rich get richer.
If you see Unions (AFL), Sherman
Anti-Trust, or Arbitration...
Answer: is something like "to help the
small guy and consumer out."
repeal an amendment ... must ratify (approve) another amendment (like
the 18th and 21st for prohibition.) Speaking of ratifying ... think
Federalist Papers for ratification of the Constitution ...
Destiny = led to the question --
should these states be
slave or free??? Manifest Destiny also settles the
= answer is usually increased trade, and settlement.
16a. Also, know
Presidential (lenient) vs. Radical (harsh on South/for Black rights)
see: John Hay -- think "Hay look ... it's China!" The answer is always
about trade in Asia for Open Door Policy
Questions 1-3 usually have something to do with geography. Most
notably -- Mississippi River = Navigation, New England had trade, the
South was agricultural. New Orleans was a port for trade.
How did the US respond to massive immigration ...
QUOTA SYSTEM is
usually the answer. Specifically, know the National-Origins Act.
you know that the Supreme Court did not support FDR? That's usually
a cartoon question.
Riis, Upton Sinclair, Ida Tarbell
= They are writers known as
answer should be about cleaning up and regulating big business to
protect the people.
Great Society ...The
answer should be about the government helping the poor. Similarly,
The New Deal
of FDR looked to find people jobs and help people socially and
Reagan cut taxes for the rich with "Reaganomics."
23. Lobbying is
when special interest groups try to get Congress to vote a certain
way. They hang out in the lobby and try to convince them.
Initiative, Referendum, or Recall ...The
answer will be about expanding democracy during the Progressive Era.
Great Compromise or 3/5 Compromise
...the answer should
be about representation, or population determining representation in
Caesar Salad -- he fought for the rights of farmers.
Falls = It's a
women's conference. Women love to go to the Falls, it's
starts with an H. So does
Renaissance. If there's an African American culture movement
question, Hughes can be the answer.
v. Arizona, Gideon v. Wainwright
- These cases expanded the rights to the accused!
30. Not in
your textbook if it's old. In 2001 the US created the Department of
Homeland Security to protect American citizens.
COURT CASES -
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW!
CASE REVIEW SONG AND VIDEO !!!
Amendments Lesson and Bill of Rights Song
Amendments to Know:
PRESS, ASSEMBLY, ETC.
Court Cases related include: Schenck, Feiner,
Tinker, and Engel.
and Seizure = Court Cases
related include: Mapp, T.L.O.
PROCESS - Court Cases
related include: Miranda
- Court Cases
related include: Gideon
POWERS FOR FEDERALISM
13, 14, 15 =
RECONSTRUCTION AMENDMENTS. 14 -- Court Cases related include: Equality in Plessy, Brown,
16, 17, 18,
19 = PROGRESSIVE
THAT WERE INSPIRED BY POPULISM Remember ... Populism's Omaha Platform
... STAR 16
(Senators, Tax, Australian Ballot, RR control, 16:1 Ratio of Silver to
16 = (Six
has an X, so does Income Ta x)
Prohibition -- 18 used to be the drinking age. Now it's 21. The 21st
Amendment repealed the 18th!
19 = WOMEN'S
22 = TWO
TERM LIMITS (two 2's in 22)
Federalism and Checks and Balances
Checks and Balances
US History in 11 Minutes; Government in 14! WOW!
REGENTS MOST USED
PRESIDENTIAL ADMINISTRATIONS, AND WHAT THE ANSWER USUALLY IS...
TR = Square Deal
... help the consumer and average citizen.
New Deal ...
Gov. helped the people directly
Truman = Fair Deal
(came up like once) - carried out the New Deal liberalism.
Johnson = The Great
Society = Help the Poor! Educate!
Click here for every Thematic and DBQ topic since 2004
Thematic Essay =
If you click on the above link, you will see that commonly you can
use Reform Movements and Geography. I'm also thinking Court Cases
are important. To be on the safe side,
I recommend knowing 3 Court Cases REALLY WELL. Especially Plessy and
Brown vs. Board of Education. Reason being ... even if the essay isn't
on court cases, per se, you can still use a court case to answer
something like "Turning Points" or "Civil Rights of Minorities."
DBQ ... As for the
scaffolding questions ... if you see two lines ... write three! Don't
get skimpy on these easy questions!
BIGGEST TIP I COULD
POSSIBLY GIVE YOU: ON ALL ESSAYS -- IT'S QUALITY
... IF YOU ARE SKIMPY ON HISTORY, WE WILL BE SKIMPY ON YOUR ESSAY
GRADE. ESSAYS ARE THE BULK OF THIS TEST!!!!!!!!
I know this may sound
weird, but I have never seen the same choice 4 times in a row. So if
you see 4 C's in a row, double check it. Three in a row comes up
often, but 4 -- not yet. But, they can change that, be on your toes.
Detailed Review Sheet
Indentured Servitude ,
, Ne w
England Town Meetings,
Anne Hutchinson ,
Separatists and City Upon a Hill ,
Salutary Neglect ,
House of Burgesses ,
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut,
Albany Plan of Union,
Battle of Quebec,
French and Indian War,
Proclamation of 1763,
, Townshend Acts,
Committees of Correspondence,
Tea Party ,
Common Sense ,
Olive Branch ,
Confederation land ordinances , Shays’ Rebellion ,
Federalists and Anti Federalists ,
Great Compromise , 3/5 Compromise ,
Elastic Clause/Implied Powers, ,
Bill of Rights,
Rebellion , Jay and
Pinckney Treaties ,
Neutrality , XYZ Affair ,
Alien and Sedition Acts,
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, John
Judicial Review ,
Louisiana Purchase ,
The , Chesapeake
Hartford Convention , American System ,
Monroe Doctrine , Corrupt Bargain, Section
Caucus and Nominating Conventions,
Jacksonian Democracy and Alexis de Tocqueville ,
Tariff of Abominations ,
John C. Calhoun,
South Carolina Exposition and Protest ,
Ordinance of Nullification,
Indian Removal Act,
Trail of Tears , Great
Awakening II ,
Hudson River School,
Brook Farm, Abolition ,
Compromise of 1850,
Dred Scott Case Lincoln-Douglas Debates,
Election of 1860,
Fort Sumter ,
Emancipation Proclamation ,
Civil War Draft,
Homestead Act ,
Impeachment of Johnson,
Reconstruction Acts of 1867,
Robber Barons and Trusts,
Social Darwinism and Edward Bellamy,
Gospel of Wealth,
Knights of Labor,
Pendleton Act ,
Railroad Strike of 1877,
Haymarket Affair ,
Sherman Anti-Trust Act ,
Granger Movement ,
Dawes Act ,
Big Stick Diplomacy, and
Panama Canal, Teller and Platt Amendments,
Open Door Policy / John Hay ,
Cross of Gold Speech,
Ballinger-Pinchot, John Muir,
Triangle Fire ,
Election of 1912,
Antitrust Act ,
Lusitania Zimmerman Note,
Red Scare ,
Sacco and Vanzetti ,
Harlem Renaissance ,
Scopes Trial ,
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
and Smoot-Hawley Tariff ,
Relief Recovery Reform,
John Maynard Keynes,
CCC, WPA, PWA, TVA, ,
NIRA and NRA,
Lease Act, Pearl Harbor,
Island Hopping and Atomic Bomb,
War Bonds and Taxes to beat the Axis!,
ft-Hartley, Beatniks, Rosiethe Riveter, G.I. Bill,
Atlantic Charter and U nited Nations ,
NATO and Warsaw Pact,
Bay of Pigs Invasion,
Cuban Missile Crisis,
Gulf of Tonkin ,
Tet Offensive ,
D é tente
Nixon and ping pong diplomacy ,
Little Rock 9
Civil Rights Act of 1964,
Great Society ,
War Powers Act,
Camp David Accords, staglfation,
Equal Rights Amendment ,
César Chávez ,
were the major events of the American Revolution? Also know the
French and Indian War.
What role did religion play
in the colonies?
The Pilgrims were , Puritans are non-separatists. The way you
remember this is: on Thanksgiving (Pilgrims) you
your turkey from your stuffing and cranberry sauce. Separatists
disassociated themselves from the King of England who was the head of
the Church of England. separate
What were the weaknesses of
the Articles of Confederation?
What were the major
Compromises of the Constitution?
Why did America want
Independence? What did the Declaration of Independence actually say?
do the branches of government check one another?
What was Washington’s
stance on foreign policy?
How are the Virginia and
Kentucky Resolutions related to secession plots during Jackson's
were the major events of the War of 1812? I can think of
What were the major issues
under " Jacksonian Democracy."
Hint: Tariff, Bank, Nominating Conventions, Spoils System, Trail of
Tears, Specie Circular, Ordinance of Nullification, Force Bill.
(Perhaps that was more than a hint.)
did America expand during manifest destiny?
What were the causes of the Civil War? What part did slavery play in
it? Know your compromises! (see below)
want to know about
certain ... important ...
War ... Battles , and
How did the United States
deal with Native Americans from colonial days to the Gilded Age?
How did women affect social
Westward Expansion -- Know
the Turner Thesis, Homestead Act, and the plight of
during manifest destiny.
What were the strength and weaknesses of Presidential and
Congressional Reconstruction? What happened in its aftermath?
happened during the Gilded Age concerning "Robber Barons" and
What were some of the
cultural innovations of the Roaring 20s? Sports, Music, etc.
immigrants move towards cities? How did the cities emerge?
How did Populists influence
What were the Progressive
did American foreign policy change c1898?
One answer is this, which
resulted in this.
All of the Progressive Reformers you
need to know.
What was the con troversy
over the Treaty of Versailles
Silent Spring comes up all the time. It's a book about
Why was it called the
What were the
causes of the
Great Depression, and the solutions implicated by
the New Deal (RRR)?
How did we stay neutral before WWII? How was WWII a
were the major clashes of the Cold War?
How did different
generations of Americans clash during the 60s and 70s?
How did segregation come to
an end? What impact did the Warren Court have? Know all about the
Civil Rights Leaders of all Eras, and the importance of
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
What's the deal with
Don't get confused: W.E.B.
Du Bois wanted absolute equality...Booker T. Washington wanted
gradual gains. Remember: W.E.B. =
for B lacks...Booker
for T uskegee
Marbury v. Madison =
McCulloch v. Maryland
= Federal Supremacy, and the right to charter a bank. "The Power to
Tax is the Power to Destroy!"
Here's a list of other important
John Marshall decisions.
Worcester v. Georgia =
Court ruled that Georgia could not pass legislation regarding
Dred Scott v Sandford
= Roger B. Taney says that slaves are property and can not sue in
court. The Missouri Compromise is reversed.
Muller v. Oregon =
Limits hours women can work.
Adkins v. Children's
Hospital = refutes Muller decision.
Schenck v. US =
"Clear and Present Danger" Can't shout "FIRE!!!!" in a crowded
theater (limits free speech).
- Declares the NIRA Unconstitutional
Schecter v. US
Declares AAA Unconstitutional
Internment is Constitutional as Executive Order 9066 states that in
times of War, rights can be limited. Korematsu v. US
Justifies Jim Crow laws, and "separate but equal." Plessy v. Ferguson
Brown v. Board of Education of
Topeka KS........ Ends
segregation in schools.
Roe v. Wade =
legalizes abortion, but not in all cases.
Dennis v. US
- Due process limited because of a fear of Communism. Similar to
"clear and present danger" mentioned above.
Miranda v. Arizona, Gideon v. Wainwright, Mapp v. Ohio = rights
of the accused.
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
– Race can be considered in the university admissions process,
but distinct racial quotas are illegal.
US , 1971
– Publication of the Pentagon Papers was protected by freedom of
1974 - President Richard
Nixon was not protected by executive privilege, and had to hand
over tape-recordings. Nixon remains the only President to resign
Cases involving a school:
Tinker v. Des Moines,
New Jersey v.
Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier,
Engel v. Vitale
The Great Compromise (Virginia (bicameral on population) vs. NJ Plan
(equal representation), 3/5 Compromise, and
Missouri Comp, Comp of 1850, K-N Act (KNOW THESE PROVISIONS WELL)
1820 - Missouri is a slave
state, no slavery north of 36'30, Maine is a free state. -- Henry
1850 - Fugitive Slave Law, No Slave Trade in
DC, former Mexican Territory now Utah and New Mexico has Popular
Sovereignty, California is Free, Texas gave up western land and
received $10 Million to pay off its national debt. -- Authored by
1854 - Kansas Nebraska Act =
Popular Sovereignty. This of course led to Bleeding Kansas, then the
Lecompton Constitution. -- Authored by Stephen Douglas
TR (Rep) = A Square Deal
for Americans! Support consumers over trusts.
New Freedom (defeats TR's New Nationalism) and trustbusts with even
Warren G. Harding
= Return to Normalcy post WWII
FDR (Dem) = The New Deal
- Public Works, and Government Economic influence
Truman (Dem) = A Fair
Deal - social improvement, and healthcare.
Eisenhower (Rep) =
Dynamic Conservatism. The 1950s = A conservative time, economically
(Gov supports Big Business), politically (McCarthyism), and socially
(Women at home, Leave it to Beaver). Eisenhower also signed the
Interstate Highway Act to connect the country together with roads.
JFK (Dem) = The New
Frontier, liberal problem solving for poverty, racial prejudice, and
LBJ (Dem) = The Great
Society - Money to the poor, education, and an end to discrimination.
If Betty Friedan
comes up on the test -- it's 1960s-1970s Feminism. I know this is a
random thing, but she often comes up on the test.
book Silent Spring started the environmental movement.
Bill Clinton = Know
all about NATO troops, and obstruction of justice.
HAMILTON VS JEFFERSON
MNEMONIC DEVICE ...
rights and a S trict
Interpretation of the Constitution, A griculture,
favors F rance,
the E ducated
Hamilton = Favors
the P ropertied
or Wealthy, L oose
Interpretation of the Constitution, an
Bank, favors E ngland,
and S trong
ODDS ARE MOST OF
THE FOLLOWING WILL NOT BE ON THE REGENTS ... BUT IF YOU WANT TO GET
100% ... YOU BETTER BE SAFE! (See video next to chart)
Presidents Song, by
The Social Studs
Causes of the Civil War Music Video, by
the Social Studs
Klaff and the
Chipmunks, Cold War Video!
Just for fun ... CAPITALS OF THE
STATES! By the Social Studs
KNOW YOUR PRESIDENTS
OR JUST SING THIS SONG, AND YOU WILL BE FINE.