8. WHEN IN DOUBT
AFTER THAT ... go with the "warm and fuzzy choice." This is a happy
and optimistic choice that sounds like this ... "These cultures
exchanged ideas, and had a flowering of creative thought. They gave us
mathematics and science." Rule of
thumb ... Mr. Regents wants you to understand that places you never
heard of have impacted your life positively!
9. Everything you
need to know about religions -- remember that my friends
were in the
= Reincarnation, India, Caste, Karma
= Buddhism, Enlightenment (or Eightfold Path), Noble Truths, Nirvana
Revolution ... one day a few nomads discovered that if they planted
seeds, it would become food. BINGO! Now they don't have to travel from
place to place and can have
If you see:
it means forced labor in Native America. No one ever remembers that. If you do,
then you probably don't need this review sheet.
If you see:
Peter the Great Modernized ...
the answer is that he Westernized / Modernized Russia.
16. Anything about
the Enlightenment will usually lead you to the choice that says
"natural rights." The Regents will favor the writers of Enlightenment
moreso than the scientists.
If you see:
The Byzantine Empire
... know that
= the roots of Western Civilization
Ethnic Cleansing, the
Holocaust, Khmer Rouge, Tiananmen Square, and
Apartheid are unfortunate events of world history. Essays of this
have come up. But for multiple choice purposes, the answer usually is,
"human rights violations."
20. If you see:
Mansa Musa ... the answer has something to do with him converting Mali
to Islam. Remember:
21. Questions 1-3 on the
Regents tend to have nothing to do with anything ... usually it
involves a "physical map," or a map that has mountains and rivers
jutting out of it. Or, it is a question about economies/resources or
what an anthropologist does. Also know that
is when you farm just enough for your family.
means to burn the forest and use the ashes for fertilizer.
If you see:
The Sahel ... it's related to
as the Sahara desert is expanding to this area. Just remember it's
as "hot as Sahel" there.
24. I know this may sound
weird, but I have never seen the same choice 4 times in a row. So if
you see 4 C's in a row, double check it. Three in a row comes up
often, but 4 -- not yet. But, they can change that, be on your toes.
2. I would know a couple
of the impacts of Geography on world history ... Ex. Mountains isolate
people as seen in Greece, or in the Andes.
Or ... England was an island
-- couldn't be attacked my
Napoleon, or Hitler. And it's natural
harbors allowed the Industrial Revolution to start there. Know two or
three like this.
3. I would know two revolutions REALLY WELL. Go French Revolution
them eat Cake!!!" Or
Russian ... Peace, Land, and Bread! A revolution is GREAT for the
Thematic, because it can be used for: Change, Conflict, War, Turning
Points. The Regents has asked that type of question often in recent
years. For French Revolution review, scroll down. In terms of the
French Revolution, also know the Enlightenment.
Essays on Intellectuals
could come up. Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu would fit that essay
DBQ ... As for the
scaffolding questions ... if you see two lines ... write three! Don't
get skimpy on these easy questions! It's all about the Outside
Knowledge ... write whatever you know in the margins of those
Biggest tip I could
give you ... ON ALL ESSAYS -- IT'S
QUALITY AND QUANTITY ... IF YOU ARE SKIMPY ON HISTORY, WE WILL BE
SKIMPY ON YOUR ESSAY GRADE. ESSAYS ARE THE BULK OF THIS TEST!!!!!!!!
- Monarchy's abuses, Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette (Let Them Eat
- American Revolution
- Taxes on the 3rd Estate
(98% of the people)
= LIBERTY, EQUALITY, FRATERNITY -- as found in the Declaration of the
Rights of Man.
Chronology - 1789 - Storming of Bastille --> National
Assembly Takes Over --> c1794, King and Queen Executed --> Jacobins
Rule --> Reign of Terror --> 1796 Directory appoints Napoleon as
Commander in Chief --> 1799 - Coup d etat of Napoleon
John Locke wrote Two
Treatises on Government - life, liberty, property.
Voltaire = known for free
John Jacques Rousseau - do
not obey an unjust law, "man is born free and everywhere he is in
chains" Chains are unjust laws.
Baron de Montesquieu =
Spirit of the Laws = Separation of Powers with three equal branches of
and French Revolution Videos
Weakness of the Czar =
continued WWI, Bloody Sunday, poorly equipped military, lack of bread.
Increased popularity of
socialism after rapid industrialization led to exploited workers and
= Peace, Land, Bread.
Chronology - 1917 = Czar --> Provisional Government (takes
power in March) --> Bolshevik Revolution (Lenin takes over in
the Russian Revolution
Karl Marx and Friedrich
Engels - The Communist Manifesto -- labor raises up to rule in
a classless society where the means of production are shared.
MNEMONIC DEVICES I GAVE YOU THIS YEAR.
Jose San Martin,
TM ME = TRUMAN MILITARY
AID, MARSHALL PLAN ECONOMIC AID
GO PE = Glasnost is the
Opening up of the USSR. Perestroika is economic restructuring with
QSJM - Quiet Sam Just
Moved= Qin, Sun Yixian, Jiang Jieshi, Mao
= Czar --> Provisional Government --> Bolsheviks
CAPHY FELL ... Treaty of
Versailles countries ... Czechoslovakia, Austria, Poland, Hungary,
Yugoslavia (out of Central Powers) ... Finland, Estonia, Latvia,
Lithuania (out of Russia)
MEAT or TEAM, if you are
vegetarian -- see above regarding French Rev.