Social Studs






New York State Global Regents Review Sheet

Use this page's links as an online review packet and study guide for the Global History and Geography II Regents.


**2019 Update - this page has links for Enduring Issues for the newer test, as well as tips for Transitional Regents. 



Mr. Klaff's most common multiple choice predictions and tips for Transitional Regents...


1. If you see:  Meiji Restoration = Modernization of Japan (or the answer will be westernization, think M&Ms)

3. If you see: Simon Bolivar, Toussaint, San Martin = those names mean the answer is either "Latin American independence movements" or "nationalism."

4. If you see: Green Revolution = go with the Food choice ... salad is green, and it is food!

5. If you see: Boer War, Sepoy Rebellion, Opium War, Boxers ... odds are you forgot all of this ... so choose "imperialism led to bad stuff" or "protest/kick out foreign nations imperializing"




6. If you see: Karl Marx = answer will be classless society, or 'capitalism leads to bad stuff.'


8. WHEN IN DOUBT AFTER THAT ... go with the "warm and fuzzy choice." This is a happy and optimistic choice that sounds like this ... "These cultures exchanged ideas, and had a flowering of creative thought. They gave us mathematics and science." Rule of thumb ... The Regents wants you to understand that places you never heard of have impacted your life positively!

9. If you see: Mao Zedong then the answer is the Communist choice. Be warned though: Mao also elevated the status of women.


10. Anything about the Enlightenment will usually lead you to the choice that says "natural rights." Un-Locke those rights!


11. Ethnic Cleansing, the Holocaust, Khmer Rouge, Tiananmen Square, and Apartheid are unfortunate events of world history. Essays of this nature have come up. But for multiple choice purposes, the answer is usually, "human rights violations." Scroll down on this sheet for a list.

12. EU = EUROPEAN UNION. Europe is mostly united, and it has strengthened their economy.

13. As in the past, Questions 1-3 on the Regents tend to have nothing to do with history ... usually it involves a "physical map," or a map that has mountains and rivers jutting out of it. Or, it is a question about economies/resources or what an anthropologist does. Also know that subsistence farming is when you farm just enough for your family (or your "sub-sister"). Slash-and-burn means to burn the forest and use the ashes for fertilizer. NOTE: These types of questions might have a Global 1 feel to it, but apparently are fair game.

14. If you see: The Sahel ... it's related to desertification, as the Sahara desert is expanding to this area. Just remember it's as "hot as Sa-hel" there.

15. I know this may sound weird, but I have never seen the same choice 4 times in a row. So if you see 4 C's in a row, double check it. Three in a row comes up often, but 4 -- not yet. But, they can change that, be on your toes.

16. Aung San Suu Kyi has been popping up lately. At first, as a champion of human rights ... but recently for not protecting them in Myanmar.

17. If you see: Mustafa Kemal Atatürk ... He modernized/westernized Turkey.

18. Japan is a small island! They needed resources, so they imperialized China!


World History Review in 16 Minutes (start at 7:48 or so)



 Global Regents Review Flashcards! The express version.



NEW: Practice Multiple Choice 



Global Regents Review Song.


THEMATIC ESSAY and DBQ (Transitional)






Global II Regents Enduring Issues Essay Help

Click here for MASSIVE Enduring Issues List

Continuity and Change Examples

Compare and Contrast Examples

Causes and Effects Examples


The thematic (TRANSITIONAL REGENTS) is scary ... but not scary if you study the right things. KNOW THE FOLLOWING FIVE THINGS, AND YOU HAVE A GREAT CHANCE OF KNOCKING THIS OUT OF THE PARK. Historically, these topics account for what has been found most often on thematics.




1. I would know a couple of the impacts of Geography on world history ... Ex.  Britain is an island -- and couldn't be attacked my Napoleon or Hitler. Also, England's natural harbors allowed the Industrial Revolution to start there.  Scroll down to get the low-down on geography!

2. I would know two Revolutions REALLY WELL. Go French Revolution ... or Russian ... Peace, Land, and Bread! Studying both would cover you for the Political Systems of Absolutism (overthrow of) and Communism! Also, know a non-political one such as the Industrial Revolution! By studying Industrial, you are covered for the Economic Systems of capitalism and socialism. A revolution is GREAT for the Thematic, because it can be used for: Change, Conflict, War, or Turning Points. The Regents has asked that type of question often in recent years.

3. Human Rights Violations -- Study 2 of these very thoroughly: Holocaust, Khmer Rouge, Tiananmen Square, Apartheid.

4. Know a few individuals REALLY well. Pick two who are seen in a favorable light, and two who aren't. Scroll down on this sheet for a list of the major people of the course. When in doubt, Gandhi and Locke are easy to write about.

5. A pretty fun topic to write about is technology. But remember: WRITE ABOUT A TOPIC THAT YOU CAN DISCUSS IN DEPTH. The atomic bomb, Sputnik, or gunpowder are topics that fit this theme. Other choices include the astrolabe, aqueducts, and the printing press.

Low Percentage Thematics include: Economic and Political Systems (mentioned above), Movements of People and Trade Organizations (OPEC, NAFTA), Collapse of Governments (Fall of Louis XVI & Soviet Union), Nationalism (WWI and WWII), and Global problems such as pollution and deforestation.

 ESSAY TIPS FOR BOTH ESSAYS                            


DBQ ... As for the scaffolding questions ... if you see two lines ... write three! Don't get skimpy on these easy questions! It's all about the Outside Knowledge ... write whatever you know in the margins of those scaffolding questions.



World History Music Video, by the Social Studs

Social Studs




World Religion Song

  Social Studs



Social Studs

World Geography Music Video!









  Global Regents Review Flashcards! The express version.





Key Terms, Click Links Below: 1. Scientific Method, 2. Heliocentric Model, 3. Enlightenment, 4. Baroque, 5. Enlightened Despots, 6. Bourgeoisie, 7. Tennis Court Oath, 8. Declaration of the Rights of Man, 9. Political Spectrum, 10. Reign of Terror, 11. Coup d’état, 12. Napoleonic Code, 13. Congress of Vienna, 14. Urbanization, 15. Agricultural Revolution, 16. Capitalism and Socialism 17. Nationalism, 18. Potato Famine, 19. Berlin Conference, 20. Spheres of Influence, 21. Open Door Policy, 22. Meiji Era , 23. Lusitania and Zimmermann Telegram



24. League of Nations, 25. Treaty of Versailles, 26. Pogroms, 27. Russia’s Bloody Sunday, 28. NEP, 29. USSR, 30. Totalitarianism, 31. Command Economy/Five-Year Plan, 32. Fascism, 33. Weimar Republic, 34. Mein Kampf, 35. Appeasement, 36. Axis Powers, 37. Blitzkrieg, 38. Yalta Conference, 39. Atomic Bomb, 40. United Nations, 41. Ghettos, 42. Final Solution (Genocide), 43. Nuremberg Trials, Tokyo Trials, and Universal Declaration of Rights, 44. Containment, 45. Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan, 46. Berlin Airlift, 47. NATO and Warsaw Pact, 48. Sputnik, 49. Berlin Wall, 50. Bay of Pigs Invasion, 51. Cuban Missile Crisis, 52. Détente, 53. Glasnost and Perestroika, 54. Domino Theory, 55. Dien Bien Phu, 56. Vietcong, 57. Khmer Rouge, 58. Long March, 59. Great Leap Forward, 60. Cultural Revolution, 61. Four Modernizations, 62. Tiananmen Square Massacre, 63. Three Gorges Dam and One-Child Policy, 64. Amritsar Massacre, 65. Salt March, 66. Zionism and Balfour Declaration, 67. Camp David Accords, 68. OPEC,  69. Taliban, 70. Apartheid, 71. Developing Nations, 72. Green Revolution, 73. European Union, 74. Arab Spring, 75. Global Interdependence, 76. Kyoto Protocol, 77. Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo                              


Key Questions, Click Links Below: 

1. How did the Enlightenment affect the arts?

2. What were the three Estates of France’s Old Regime?

3. What were Napoleon’s three mistakes that led to his downfall?

4. Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in England? ... What were the textile inventions of the Industrial Revolution?

5. How has nationalism been a unifying force?

6. Why did countries want to imperialize?

7. What were the causes, results, and technological innovations of World War I?

8. What were the foreign policy results of World War II?

9. What were the major examples of containment during the Cold War?

10. How did Communism ultimately fall in the Soviet Union? How about in other European nations?

11. What happened to India during the Partition?

12. What wars were fought between Israel and members of the Middle East from 1956-1973?

13. What led to the end of apartheid?

14. What are some of the environmental problems plaguing the Earth today?

15. What has Brazil developed into an industrial power?

16. What should I know about globalization and the modern world economy?


Key People, Click Links Below:


1. Galileo, 2. Enlightenment Thinkers (Hobbes, Rousseau, Locke, Voltaire, Montesquieu), 3. Simón Bolívar, 4. Toussaint L’Ouverture, 5. Jose San Martin, 6. Napoleon Bonaparte, 7. Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, 8. Karl Marx, 9. Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill, 10. Queen Victoria, William Wilberforce, 11. Charles Darwin, 12. Nicholas II, 13. Grigori Rasputin, 14. Vladimir Lenin, 14. Benito Juarez, 15. Porfirio Diaz, 16. Joseph Stalin, 17. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, 18. Benito Mussolini, 19. Adolf Hitler, 20. Friedrich Nietzsche, 21. Joseph Goebbels, 22. Francisco Franco, 23. Elie Wiesel, 24. Anne Frank, 25 Mohandas Gandhi, 26. Sun Yixian, 27. Mao Zedong, 28. Lech Walesa, 29. Fidel Castro, 30. Ho Chi Minh, 31. Pol Pot, 32. Golda Meir, 33. Benazir Bhutto, 34. Nelson Mandela, 35. Jomo Kenyatta, 36. Mikhail Gorbachev, 37. Aung San Suu Kyi, 38. Augusto Pinochet, 39. Golda Meir, 40. Deng Xiaoping, 41. Mother Theresa    



Religions, Click Links Below (Great for Outside Info, but should not be a focus of multiple choice): 

1. Animism, 2. Zoroastrianism, 3. Shintoism, 4. Hinduism and more Hinduism, 5. Buddhism and more Buddhism, 6. Jainism, 7. Confucianism, 8. Daoism, 9. Five Pillars of Islam and more Islam, 10. Judaism, 11. Christianity 

Social Studs  



Wars, Click Links Below:  

1.  French Revolution Causes; Bastille; Reign of Terror, 2. Napoleon’s Invasion of Russia, 3. Unification of Italy, 4. Unification of Germany, 5. Boer War, 6. Crimean War, 7. Opium War, 8. Sepoy Rebellion, 9. Boxer Rebellion, 10. Russo-Japanese War, 11. Mexican Revolution, 12. World War I events, 13. Bolshevik Revolution, 14. Armenian Massacres, 15. Russian Civil War, 16. World War II, 17. Cold War, 18. Chinese Civil War, 19. Korean War, 20. Vietnam War, 21. Soviet-Afghanistan War, 22. Iranian Revolution, 23. Rwandan Genocide, 24. War in Darfur    



Human Rights Violations Post 1900, Click Below: 

1. Pogroms, 2. Russia’s Bloody Sunday, 3. Armenian Massacres, 4. Amritsar Massacre, 5. Nanjing Massacre, 6. Ukrainian Famine (Holodomor), 7. Great Purge, 8. Final Solution (Holocaust), 9. Cultural Revolution, 10. Apartheid, 11. Khmer Rouge 12. Tiananmen Square Massacre, 13. Ethnic Cleansing in Bosnia,  14. Rwandan Genocide, 15. War in Darfur 


Geography, Click Links Below: 

1. What is a physical map?

2. Why did civilizations develop near water?

3. Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in England?

4. Why couldn’t Napoleon defeat Britain? What happened to him in Russia? (NOTE: Hitler losing in Russia's harsh winter is a similar theme)

5. What does the Suez Canal connect?

6. What are some of the environmental problems plaguing the Earth today?


NEW: Practice Multiple Choice 



Geography Review


  Social Studs 


Women's Rights, Click Links Below: 

Increased:  1. Mary Wollstonecraft, 2. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, 3. Soviet Russia, 4. Mao in China, 5. Benazir Bhutto 6. Aung San Suu Kyi

Decreased:  1. Napoleonic Code,  2. Fate of Olympe de Gouges   3. Taliban


Cultural Diffusion Examples, Click Links Below: 

1. Cultural Diffusion,  2. Meiji Era, 3. Enlightenment in Latin America, 4. Industrial Revolution, 5. Global Interdependence    


Cultural Diffusion and Globalization Review


Important "isms" to know:

1. Nationalism, 2. Capitalism, 3. Socialism, 4. Imperialism, 5. Militarism, 6. Totalitarianism, 7. Fascism, 8. Communism




World History Timeline





French Revolution




French Revolution Flashcards!



Causes =

M - Monarchy's abuses, Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette (Let Them Eat Cake)

E - Enlightenment

A - American Revolution

T - Taxes on the 3rd Estate (98% of the people)

Slogan = LIBERTY, EQUALITY, FRATERNITY -- as found in the Declaration of the Rights of Man.

Chronology - 1789 - Storming of Bastille --> National Assembly Takes Over --> c1794, King and Queen Executed --> Jacobins Rule --> Reign of Terror --> 1796 Directory appoints  Napoleon as Commander in Chief --> 1799 - Coup d etat of Napoleon

Philosophy of Enlightenment Thinkers:

John Locke wrote Two Treatises on Government - life, liberty, property.

Voltaire = known for free speech rights.

John Jacques Rousseau - do not obey an unjust law, "man is born free and everywhere he is in chains" Chains are unjust laws.

Baron de Montesquieu = Spirit of the Laws = Separation of Powers with three equal branches of government.


Enlightenment and French Revolution Videos



Industrial Revolution Review

Industrial Revolution Flashcards!





Russian Revolution Flashcards!





Causes =

Weakness of the Czar = continued WWI, Bloody Sunday, poorly equipped military, lack of bread.

Increased popularity of socialism after rapid industrialization led to exploited workers and bad conditions.

Slogan = Peace, Land, Bread.

Chronology - 1917 = Czar --> Provisional Government (takes power in March) --> Bolshevik Revolution (Lenin takes over in November.

Philosophy of the Russian Revolution

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels - The Communist Manifesto -- labor raises up to rule in a classless society where the means of production are shared.



Herchel Tried  Varsity Swimming And Jumped in My Pool

Haiti Touissaint;  Venezuela Simon Bolivar, Argentina Jose San Martin, Mexico Padre San Morelos


GO PEE = Glasnost is the Opening up of the USSR. Perestroika is for Economic Enterprises (restructuring with some capitalism).

QSJM - Quiet Sam Just Moved= Qin, Sun Yixian, Jiang Jieshi, Mao

Chunky Peanut Butter = Czar --> Provisional Government --> Bolsheviks

CAPHY FELL ... Treaty of Versailles countries ... Czechoslovakia, Austria, Poland, Hungary, Yugoslavia (out of Central Powers) ... Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania (out of Russia)

MEAT or TEAM, if you are vegetarian -- see above regarding French Rev.

RICK BENN DRAFT = See above for religion review.


Global History Regents Review Flashcards!


NEW: Practice Multiple Choice 




Global II Regents Enduring Issues Essay Help

Click here for MASSIVE Enduring Issues List

Continuity and Change Examples

Compare and Contrast Examples

Causes and Effects Examples



One-Minute Review Lessons on many other topics!







Global 1 Review Prep  

   Old Global Regents (Global 1 and Global 2)



Scientific Revolution, Enlightenment, and French Revolution Review Sheet

Napoleon and Industrial Revolution




Nationalism, Unifications, and Latin American Revolutions




Imperialism Review Sheet




WWI Review Sheet






Russian Revolution Review Sheet





Gandhi, China, Age of Uncertainty Review Sheet






WWII Review Sheet







Cold War Review Sheet





Global 2 Wrap Up Review Sheet




Global 1 Review Prep