MCAS in US History Review Sheet
and Study Guide
U.S. History I (to 1877)
U.S. History II (to
circa 1990) 30%, 18 points
Civics and Government 25%,
Key Terms To
(SCROLL TO BOTTOM FOR
REVIEW SONGS / VIDEOS)
Indentured Servitude ,
, Ne w
England Town Meetings,
Anne Hutchinson ,
Separatists and City Upon a Hill ,
Salutary Neglect ,
House of Burgesses ,
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut,
Albany Plan of Union,
Battle of Quebec,
French and Indian War,
Proclamation of 1763,
, Townshend Acts,
Committees of Correspondence,
Tea Party ,
Common Sense ,
Olive Branch ,
Confederation land ordinances , Shays’ Rebellion ,
Federalists and Anti Federalists ,
Great Compromise , 3/5 Compromise ,
Elastic Clause/Implied Powers, ,
Bill of Rights,
Rebellion , Jay and
Pinckney Treaties ,
Neutrality , XYZ Affair ,
Alien and Sedition Acts,
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, John
Judicial Review ,
Louisiana Purchase ,
The , Chesapeake
Hartford Convention , American System ,
Monroe Doctrine , Corrupt Bargain, Section
Caucus and Nominating Conventions,
Jacksonian Democracy and Alexis de Tocqueville ,
Tariff of Abominations ,
John C. Calhoun,
South Carolina Exposition and Protest ,
Ordinance of Nullification,
Indian Removal Act,
Trail of Tears , Great
Awakening II ,
Hudson River School,
Brook Farm, Abolition ,
Compromise of 1850,
Dred Scott Case Lincoln-Douglas Debates,
Election of 1860,
Fort Sumter ,
Emancipation Proclamation ,
Civil War Draft,
Impeachment of Johnson,
Reconstruction Acts of 1867,
Robber Barons and Trusts,
Social Darwinism and Edward Bellamy,
Gospel of Wealth,
Knights of Labor,
Railroad Strike of 1877,
Haymarket Affair ,
Sherman Anti-Trust Act ,
Granger Movement ,
Dawes Act ,
Big Stick Diplomacy, and
Panama Canal, Teller and Platt Amendments,
Open Door Policy / John Hay ,
Cross of Gold Speech,
Ballinger-Pinchot, John Muir,
Triangle Fire ,
Election of 1912,
Antitrust Act ,
Lusitania Zimmerman Note,
Red Scare ,
Sacco and Vanzetti ,
Harlem Renaissance ,
Scopes Trial ,
Dust Bowl, Bonus Army,
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
and Smoot-Hawley Tariff ,
Relief Recovery Reform,
John Maynard Keynes,
CCC, WPA, PWA, TVA, ,
NIRA and NRA,
Lease Act, Pearl Harbor,
Island Hopping and Atomic Bomb,
War Bonds and Taxes to beat the Axis!,
ft-Hartley, Beatniks, Rosiethe Riveter, G.I. Bill,
Atlantic Charter and U nited Nations ,
NATO and Warsaw Pact,
Bay of Pigs Invasion,
Cuban Missile Crisis,
Gulf of Tonkin ,
Tet Offensive ,
D é tente
Nixon and ping pong diplomacy ,
Little Rock 9
Civil Rights Act of 1964,
Great Society ,
War Powers Act,
Camp David Accords, staglfation,
Equal Rights Amendment ,
César Chávez ,
Review all year long!
here for a look!
were the major events of the American Revolution? Also know the
French and Indian War.
What role did religion play
in the colonies?
The Pilgrims were , Puritans are non-separatists. The way you
remember this is: on Thanksgiving (Pilgrims) you
your turkey from your stuffing and cranberry sauce. Separatists
disassociated themselves from the King of England who was the head of
the Church of England. separate
What were the weaknesses of
the Articles of Confederation?
What were the major
Compromises of the Constitution?
Why did America want
Independence? What did the Declaration of Independence actually say?
do the branches of government check one another?
What was Washington’s
stance on foreign policy?
How are the Virginia and
Kentucky Resolutions related to secession plots during Jackson's
were the major events of the War of 1812? I can think of
What were the major issues
under " Jacksonian Democracy."
Hint: Tariff, Bank, Nominating Conventions, Spoils System, Trail of
Tears, Specie Circular, Ordinance of Nullification, Force Bill.
(Perhaps that was more than a hint.)
did America expand during manifest destiny?
What were the causes of the Civil War? What part did slavery play in
it? Know your compromises! (see below)
want to know about
certain ... important ...
War ... Battles , and
How did the United States
deal with Native Americans from colonial days to the Gilded Age?
How did women affect social
Westward Expansion -- Know
the Turner Thesis, Homestead Act, and the plight of
during manifest destiny.
What were the strength and weaknesses of Presidential and
Congressional Reconstruction? What happened in its aftermath?
happened during the Gilded Age concerning "Robber Barons" and
What were some of the
cultural innovations of the Roaring 20s? Sports, Music, etc.
immigrants move towards cities? How did the cities emerge?
How did Populists influence
What were the Progressive
did American foreign policy change c1898?
One answer is this, which
resulted in this.
All of the Progressive Reformers you
need to know.
What was the con troversy
over the Treaty of Versailles
Silent Spring comes up all the time. It's a book about
Why was it called the
What were the
causes of the
Great Depression, and the solutions implicated by
the New Deal (RRR)?
How did we stay neutral before WWII? How was WWII a
were the major clashes of the Cold War?
How did different
generations of Americans clash during the 60s and 70s?
How did segregation come to
an end? What impact did the Warren Court have? Know all about the
Civil Rights Leaders of all Eras, and the importance of
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
What's the deal with
Don't get confused: W.E.B.
Du Bois wanted absolute equality...Booker T. Washington wanted
gradual gains. Remember: W.E.B. =
for B lacks...Booker
for T uskegee
Federalism and Checks and Balances
THAT COULD APPEAR ON THIS TEST (Video Below Chart)
COURT CASES -
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW!
CASE REVIEW SONG AND VIDEO !!!
Marbury v. Madison =
McCulloch v. Maryland
= Federal Supremacy, and the right to charter a bank. "The Power to
Tax is the Power to Destroy!"
Here's a list of other important
John Marshall decisions.
Worcester v. Georgia =
Court ruled that Georgia could not pass legislation regarding
Dred Scott v Sandford
= Roger B. Taney says that slaves are property and can not sue in
court. The Missouri Compromise is reversed.
Muller v. Oregon =
Limits hours women can work.
Adkins v. Children's
Hospital = refutes Muller decision.
Schenck v. US =
"Clear and Present Danger" Can't shout "FIRE!!!!" in a crowded
theater (limits free speech).
- Declares the NIRA Unconstitutional
Schecter v. US
Declares AAA Unconstitutional
Internment is Constitutional as Executive Order 9066 states that in
times of War, rights can be limited. Korematsu v. US
Justifies Jim Crow laws, and "separate but equal." Plessy v. Ferguson
Brown v. Board of Education of
Topeka KS........ Ends
segregation in schools.
Roe v. Wade =
legalizes abortion, but not in all cases.
Dennis v. US
- Due process limited because of a fear of Communism. Similar to
"clear and present danger" mentioned above.
Miranda v. Arizona, Gideon v. Wainwright, Mapp v. Ohio = rights
of the accused.
Bill of Rights Review
The Great Compromise (Virginia (bicameral on population) vs. NJ Plan
(equal representation), 3/5 Compromise, and
Missouri Comp, Comp of 1850, K-N Act (KNOW THESE PROVISIONS WELL)
1820 - Missouri is
a slave state, no slavery north of 36'30, Maine is a free state. --
1850 - Fugitive
Slave Law, No Slave Trade in DC, former Mexican Territory now Utah and
New Mexico has Popular Sovereignty, California is Free, Texas gave up
western land and received $10 Million to pay off its national debt. --
Authored by Henry Clay
1854 - Kansas
Nebraska Act = Popular Sovereignty. This of course led to Bleeding
Kansas, then the Lecompton Constitution. -- Authored by Stephen Douglas
--> Whigs --> Republicans (Free Soilers and Know Nothings unite here)
Democrat-Republicans --> National Republicans (era of good
feelings) --> Democrats
TARIFFS TO KNOW
1. 1828 Tariff of
Abominations (and Compromise Tariff)
Underwood Tariff of 1913
- Democrats regain office and decrease the tariff rates.
3. Hawley Smoot Tariff of
1930 = Raised tariffs to highest point since the Tariff of
Abominations. This was done mostly to protect the agriculture
... D EMOCRATS,
TARIFFS GO D OWN,
HELP D ee
POOR, D eep
or Solid South.
... R epublicans,
Tariffs, Less Taxes for the
Favor R ailroads
and R obberbarons.
Also comprise the R eligious
Remember -- when Democrats
are in office, tariffs typically go down. When Republicans are in
office, tariffs typically go up. Tariffs eased after WWII.
KNIGHTS OF LABOR
BAGS (Bread Butter
Issues /AFL / Gompers / Skilled
KUPS (Knights / Unskilled
/ Powderly / Strike more ... (Unskilled spellers can't spell cups!)
HAMILTON VS JEFFERSON
MNEMONIC DEVICE ...
rights and a S trict
Interpretation of the Constitution, A griculture,
the E ducated
Hamilton = Favors
the P ropertied
or Wealthy, L oose
Interpretation of the Constitution, an
Bank, E ngland,
and S trong
recent stuff on the test? Click below!
TR (Rep) = A Square Deal
for Americans! Support consumers over trusts.
New Freedom (defeats TR's New Nationalism) and trustbusts with even
Warren G. Harding
= Return to Normalcy post WWI
FDR (Dem) = The New Deal
- Public Works, and Government Economic influence
Truman (Dem) = A Fair
Deal - social improvement, and healthcare.
Eisenhower (Rep) =
Dynamic Conservatism. The 1950s = A conservative time, economically
(Gov supports Big Business), politically (McCarthyism), and socially
(Women at home, Leave it to Beaver). Eisenhower also signed the
Interstate Highway Act to connect the country together with roads.
JFK (Dem) = The New
Frontier, liberal problem solving for poverty, racial prejudice, and
LBJ (Dem) = The Great
Society - Money to the poor, education, and an end to discrimination.
WOMEN ARE POPULAR TOPICS!
was a feminist who wrote The Feminine Mystique. She supported
equal rights for women, and was the first president of the National
Organization for Women (NOW).
Phyllis Schlafly was opposed to modern feminism. She was outspoken
against the ERA (Equal Rights Amendment).
So...Betty wanted women to be FREE (Friedan), Phyllis wanted to give
them the Shaft (Schlafly).
Click here for the APUS
Presidents Song, by
The Social Studs
APUSH Review in 11 Minutes!
Guns N' Roses,
US History Megamix
Causes of the Civil War Music Video, by
the Social Studs
Klaff and the
Chipmunks, Cold War Video!
Just for fun ...
CAPITALS OF THE STATES! By the Social Studs
Click here for the APUS